A History of its Industries, Railroads and Inventions




This railroad atlas of New York State (New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Albany, Utica, Binghamton, Rome, Watertown, Niagara Falls, etc.) has dozens of full color, high quality maps printed on glossy paper for easy viewing. An index aids in finding specific maps, and a description of each map is given on each page.

Maps cover the years 1840 to 2019, emphasizing the late 1800s and early 1900s at the peak of railroading. Detailed maps include the Dewitt Yard, Harmon Shops, Frontier Yard, West Albany Shops, Colonie Shops, Selkirk Yard,  Grand Central Terminal, Sunnyside coach yard, Oak Point Yard, North Corning Shops, Pullman car shops, New York Harbor, Oneonta roundhouse, Salamanca Shops, Port Jervis Shops, Rochester Despatch, Buffalo yards and shops, etc. (see draft Index below).

Price: $42.95 each plus shipping and tax (if applicable). Expected publication date: mid-2023

New York State railroads, 1866

New York Central Buffalo shops, 1915

Syracuse birds-eye view, 1874



Below are the primary railroads described in this book. It is not meant to be a comprehensive list (which would be overly long and tedious), but rather a way to organize many of the significant pioneer rail companies and the Class I railroads (revenue over $1 million in 1950) that eventually absorbed them. Miles refers to total miles both inside and outside of New York State. Dollar amount denotes approximate revenues in 1950.  

Baltimore and Ohio RAILROAD (6,188 miles, $402m)

New York locations: Buffalo, East Salamanca, Perry, Rochester, Salamanca 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh; Rochester and Genesee Valley; Rochester and Pittsburgh; Rochester and State Line 

Rail Facilities: Buffalo Creek roundhouse, East Salamanca roundhouse and yard, Lincoln Park machine shop (Rochester), Rochester Terminal, Salamanca roundhouse 

BOSTON AND MAINE RAILROAD (1,702 miles, $87m) 

New York locations: Eagle Bridge, East Rochester, Mechanicville, Rotterdam, Saratoga Springs, Schuylerville, Troy 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Boston, Hoosac Tunnel and Western; Fitchburg; Troy and Boston; Troy and Greenfield 

Rail Facilities: East Rochester roundhouse, Mechanicville yard, Middleburg yard (Troy), Rotterdam Junction yard and roundhouse 


New York locations: Adirondacks, Albany, Ballston Spa, Binghamton, Cobleskill, Cohoes, Glens Falls, Green Island, Lake George, Mechanicville, Rouses Point, Saranac Lake, Saratoga Springs, Schenectady, Schuylerville, Troy, Plattsburgh, Waterford, Watervliet, Whitehall 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Adirondack Railway; Albany Northern; Albany and Susquehanna; Chateaugay and Lake Placid; Cherry Valley and Mohawk River; Cooperstown and Charlotte Valley; Greenwich and Johnsonville; Rennselaer and Saratoga; Saratoga and Schenectady; Schenectady and Duanesburgh; Ticonderoga; Troy, Salem and Rutland 

Rail Facilities: Binghamton yard, Chateauguay Ore and Iron (Plattsburgh), Colonie Shops (Watervliet), Mohawk Yard (Schenectady), Oneonta roundhouse and repair shops, Green Island Shops, Plattsburgh shops and roundhouse, Seneca Street yard (Schenectady) 


New York locations: Bath, Binghamton, Buffalo, Corning, Cortland, Depew, Elmira, Fulton, Ithaca, Johnson City, Lancaster, Norwich, Oswego, Syracuse 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Cayuga and Susquehanna; Erie and Central New York; Oswego and Syracuse; Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg; Syracuse and Baldwinsville; Syracuse, Binghamton and New York; Utica, Chenango and Susquehanna Valley 

Rail Facilities: Binghamton yard, East Buffalo car and machine shops (Sloan), East Buffalo yard, Oswego shops and roundhouse, Sloan shops (Buffalo), Syracuse yard and roundhouse, Utica shops and yard 

ERIE RAILROAD (2,245 miles, $166m)

New York locations: Attica, Batavia, Bath, Binghamton, Buffalo, Canandaigua, Corning, Depew, Dunkirk, Elmira, Endicott, Goshen, Hamburg, Haverstraw, Hornell, Horseheads, Johnson City, Kingston, Lancaster, Lockport, Jamestown, Monroe, New York City, Newburg, Niagara Falls, North Tonawanda, Nyack, Olean, Owego, Port Jervis, Rochester, Salamanca, Spring Valley, Suffern 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Atlantic and Great Western; Buffalo and Jamestown; Buffalo and South Western; Buffalo, New York and Erie; Chicago and Erie; Conesus Lake; Lockport and Buffalo; Montgomery and Erie; New Jersey and New York; New York, Lake Erie and Western; New York, Susquehanna and Western 

Rail Facilities: Binghamton Yard, Buffalo car shops, East Buffalo repair and machine shops, Elmira shops and roundhouse, Elmira yard, Endicott freight yard, Newburgh yard and roundhouse, Niagara Falls freight yard, Nyack roundhouse, Port Jervis roundhouse and repair shops, Rochester passenger and freight depot, Rochester roundhouse, Salamanca repair shops and roundhouse, Union Dry Dock (Buffalo) 

LEHIGH VALLEY RAILROAD (1,229 miles, $71m) 

New York locations: Auburn, Avon, Buffalo, Camden, Canastota, Depew, Finger Lakes, Geneva, Ithaca, Naples, New York City, Rochester, Waterloo, Williamsville 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Auburn and Ithaca; Buffalo and Geneva; Buffalo Creek; Cayuga Southern; Cazenovia, Canastota and De Ruyter; Depew and Tonawanda; Elmira, Cortland and Northern; Geneva, Ithaca and Sayre; Lehigh and New York; Utica, Ithaca and Elmira 

Rail Facilities: Buffalo car shops, Buffalo passenger and freight terminal, East Buffalo shops, Ithaca repair shops, Niagara Falls yard, Rochester freight yard and coal company, Tifft Farm Yards (Buffalo) 

LONG ISLAND RAILROAD (365 miles, $49m) 

New York locations: Bronx, Brooklyn, Farmingdale, Floral Park, Freeport, Garden City, Glen Cove, Hempstead, Lindenhurst, Long Beach, Lynbrook, Manhattan, Mineola, Northport, Queens, Patchogue, Port Jefferson, Rockville Centre, Valley Stream, Westbury

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Central Railroad of Long Island; Flushing and North Side; New York and Flushing; New York and Manhattan Beach; New York and Rockaway Beach; South Side

Rail Facilities: Arch Street Yard (Queens), Atlantic Terminal, Babylon Yard, Holban (Hillside) Yard, Long Beach Terminal, Montauk Yard, Morris Park shops and roundhouse, Penn Station Terminal, Port Jefferson Yard, Riverhead Yard, Ronkonkoma Yard, Vanderbilt Yard (Brooklyn), West Side Yard 

NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD (10,727 miles, $760m) 

New York locations: Adirondacks, Albion, Amsterdam, Albany, Attica, Batavia, Beacon, Brockport, Brooklyn, Bronx, Buffalo, Canastota, Canton, Carthage, Catskills, Depew, Dobbs Ferry, Dunkirk, East Syracuse, Fairport, Fredonia, Fulton, Haverstraw, Herkimer, Kingston, Malone, Manhattan, Massena, Medina, Mount Kisco, Mount Vernon, New Paltz, Newark, Niagara Falls, Oneonta, Ossining, Oswego, Queens, Palmyra, Peekskill, Penn Yan, Port Chester, Potsdam, Poughkeepsie, Rochester, Rome, Saranac Lake, Scarsdale, Schenectady, Syracuse, Tarrytown, Tonawanda, Troy, Utica, Walden, Waterloo, Watertown, Webster, White Plains, Whitesboro, Yonkers 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Attica and Buffalo; Auburn and Rochester; Auburn and Syracuse; Boston and Albany; Buffalo and Niagara Falls; Buffalo and Rochester; Canandaigua and Niagara Falls; Carthage, Watertown and Sackets Harbor; Dunkirk, Allegheny Valley and Pittsburgh; Hudson River; Lake Shore and Michigan Southern; Michigan Central; Mohawk and Hudson; Mohawk and Malone; New York and Harlem; New York and Ottawa; New York, West Shore and Buffalo; Niagara Falls Branch; Oswego and Roma; Rochester and Syracuse; Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg; St. Lawrence and Adirondack; Spuyten Duyvil and Port Morris; Syracuse and Chenango; Syracuse, Ontario and New York; Tonawanda; Troy and Schenectady; Ulster and Delaware; Utica and Schenectady; Utica and Black River; Utica and Syracuse; Wallkill Valley; West Shore 

Rail Facilities: Adams Street Yard (Troy), Bull Run Yard (Albany), Buffalo car shops, Buffalo Union Depot, Buffalo stockyards, Central and Allied Lines Terminal (Buffalo), Depew Locomotive Works, DeWitt Yards (East Syracuse), East Yard (Bronx), East Buffalo car shops, Frankfort ice houses, Frankfort repair shops and roundhouse, Frontier Yard (Buffalo), Grand Central Terminal (Manhattan), East Syracuse yard, Harmon Shops (Croton-on-Hudson), Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Roundhouse (Lackawanna City), Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Shops (Buffalo), Malone roundhouse, Manhattan freight yard and docks, Massena roundhouse, Mott Haven Yard (Bronx), Newark yard and roundhouse, Niagara Falls machine shop and roundhouse, North Corning Shops, Ogdensburg roundhouse and freight yard, Oneida freight yard and roundhouse, Peekskill shops and roundhouse, Poughkeepsie roundhouse and repair shops, Rochester freight yards, Rochester passenger depot and train shed, Rochester repair shops and roundhouse, Rondout shops (Kingston), Sand Lot Yard (Rensselaer), Selkirk Yard (Albany), Syracuse repair shops and roundhouse, Syracuse station and train shed, Utica roundhouse, Utica passenger station and yards, Wakefield Yard (Bronx), Watertown depots and car house, West Albany Shops (Albany), West Side Yards (New York City), West Shore machine shops (Buffalo), White Plains roundhouse 


New York locations: Beacon, Bronx, Harrison, Mamaroneck, New Rochelle, Port Chester, Poughkeepsie, Rhinecliff, Rye 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Boston, Hartford and Erie; Central New England; Harlem River and Port Chester; New York and New England; New York and Oswego Midland; New York Connecting (joint ownership); Poughkeepsie and Eastern 

Rail Facilities: Harlem River Yard (Bronx), New Rochelle Yard, Oak Point Yard (South Bronx), Port Chester freight yard 


New York locations: Campbell Hall, Kingston, Middletown, Monticello, Norwich, Oneida, Oswego, Rome, Utica, Port Jervis 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: New York and Oswego Midland; Port Jervis, Monticello and Summitville; Rome and Clinton; Utica, Clinton and Binghamton 

Rail Facilities: Middletown car and locomotive repair shops and roundhouse, New Harbor coal pocket (Oswego), Norwich roundhouse and shops, Oneida roundhouse, Oswego yard and roundhouse 

PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD (10,112 miles, $896m)

New York locations: Attica, Buffalo, Canandaigua, Corning, East Aurora, Elmira, New York City, Niagara Falls, Olean, Penn Yan, Sodus Point, Tonawanda 

Notable predecessors and controlled lines: Buffalo, New York and Philadelphia; Buffalo, Pittsburgh and Western; Elmira and Lake Ontario; Elmira, Canandaigua and Niagara Falls; Long Island; New York Connecting (joint ownership); Northern Central; Western New York and Pennsylvania

Rail Facilities: Buffalo car shops, Manhattan freight and passenger car yards, New York Penn Station, Olean repair shops, Rochester passenger depot, Sunnyside Yard (Queens)